No time? Don’t know where to start?

The Roadmaps Web Resource Kit is for use before, during and after emergencies. This is a resource for anyone working in emergency management or who has an interest in the impacts of gender and disaster.

Agencies can use this information when developing their preparedness, response and recovery policies and plans. Information, resources and checklists are grouped according to relevant themes and the amount of time you have available. The ‘Got 5 minutes’ tab is a practical introduction, with more in-depth options on offer. The ‘Need to Take Action’ tab leads to four checklists for four different (although often overlapping) audiences. Each checklist has a general section that applies to everyone.

Introduction to Gender and Disaster

Why do we need to apply a gender lens to disaster?

How could a gender lens help in recovery for women and men?

Who is most affected by disaster and climate change internationally?

Domestic Violence

Why is pre-existing domestic violence a risk factor in disasters?

Is it true that domestic violence increases after disaster?

Why don’t women seek help for domestic violence after disaster?

What kind of help was there for women?

Emergency Management

How is gender considered in emergency planning?

Why rethink capability?

How do we change emergency management culture?

Gendered responses and behaviour

How do women and men perceive and respond to risk in disasters?

Why does gender stereotyping matter in disaster?

How do men seek help after disaster?

Why are men reluctant to seek help?

Why are women at risk through their caring role?

How are gender roles disrupted after disaster?

Gendered expectations and impacts

Do women still face discrimination?

How are women discriminated against in disasters?

Why are gendered expectations a problem for men?

Why are gendered expectations a problem for men in disasters?

Why are stereotypical male and female roles more defined in rural areas?

Why is a gendered lens needed for Fire planning?


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ACOSS (Australian Council of Social Service). (2013). Back to basics: simplifying Australia’s family payments system to tackle child poverty. Strawberry Hills: ACOSS.

Ahnquist, J., Fredlund, P., & Wamala, S. P. (2007). Is cumulative exposure to economic hardships more hazardous to women’s health than men’s? A 16-year followup study of the Swedish Survey of Living Conditions. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health (1979-), 61(4), 331-336.

AHRC. (2013). Investing in care: Recognising and valuing those who care Sydney: Australian Human Rights Commission.

Alston, M., & Whittenbury. (2013). Does climatic crisis in Australia’s food bowl create a basis for change in agricultural gender relations? Aricultural Human Values, 30, 115-128.

Anderson, D. (2009). Enduring drought then coping with climate change: lived experience and local resolve in rural mental health. Rural Society, 19(4), 340-353.

Armstrong, F. (2013). Climate change: How it will put women’s health at risk globally. Women’s Agenda.

Australian Women’s Health Network. (2012). Women and Health and Well-being. In A. W. s. H. Network (Ed.), Position Paper. Drysdale, Vic: AWHN.

Boetto, H., & McKinnon, J. (2013). Rural Women and Climate Change: A gender-inclusive perspective. Australian Social Work, 66(2), 234-247.

Broderick, E. (2013). Caring for the Carers. The Australian. Retrieved from

Connell, R. W. (2003). The Role of Men and Boys in Achieving Gender Equality. Brasilia, Brazil: United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW) in collaboration with International Labour Organization (ILO) Joint United Nations Programmes on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

Dowd, N. E. (2010). Asking the man question: masculinities analysis and feminist theory. 33 Harvard Journal of Law & Gender. 415, from

Enarson, E. (2006). Women and Girls Last: Averting the Second Post-Katrina Disaster.   Retrieved 19.8.2010, from

Enarson, E. (2012). Women confronting natural disaster: From vulnerability to resilience. Boulder, Colarado: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc.

Eriksen, C. (2013). Gendered Risk Engagement: Challenging the Embedded Vulnerability, Social Norms and Power Relations in Conventional Australian Bushfire Education. Geographical Research, 1-11.

Eriksen, C. (2014). Gender and wildfire: Landscapes of uncertainty. New York: Routledge.

Haynes, K., Tibbits, A., Coates, L., Ganewatta, G., Handmer, J., & McAnerney, J. (2008). 100 years of Australian civilian bushfire fatalities: exploring the trends in relation to the ‘stay or go policy’: Report for the Bushfire CRC. In Bushfire CRC and RMIT University (Ed.).

Hoffman, S. (1998). Eve and Adam among the Embers: Gender patterns after the Oakland Berkeley Firestorm. In E. Enarson & B. H. Morrow (Eds.), The Gendered Terrain of Disaster: Through Women’s Eyes (pp. 55-61). London: Praeger.

Kahn, J. S. (2011). Feminist therapy for men: challenging assumptions and moving forward.(Author abstract)(Report). Women & Therapy, 34(1 2), 59.

Lovekamp, W. (2008). Gender and disaster: A synthesis of flood research in Bangladesh. In B. Phillips & B. H. Morrow (Eds.), Women and disasters: From theory to practice. USA: International Research Committee on Disasters.

Parkinson, D. (2012). The Way He Tells It – Vol. 1 Relationships After Black Saturday. Wangaratta: Women’s Health Goulburn North East.

Parkinson, D. (2012). The Way He Tells It – Vol. 2 Women and Disasters Literature Review. Wangaratta: Women’s Health Goulburn North East.

Peek, L., & Fothergill, A. (2009). Parenting in the wake of disaster: Mothers and fathers respond to Hurricane Katrina. In E. Enarson & P. G. Dhar Chakrabarti (Eds.). New Delhi: Sage

Security4Women. (2012). Counting on Care Work in Australia. from

Summers, A. (2013). The Misogyny Factor. Sydney: NewSouth Publishing.

Summers, A. (2013a). ‘Gender pay gap still a disgrace.’ The Sydney Morning Herald, 5 January 2013, Accessed 26/6/2015.

Tyler, M., & Fairbrother, P. (2013). Bushfires Are “Men’s Business”: The Importance of Gender and Rural Hegemonic Masculinity. Journal of Rural Studies, 30, 110-119.

UNAIDS. (2012). Impact of the global economic crisis on women, girls and gender equality.   Retrieved 28/2, 2014, from Accessed 26/6/2015.